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The educational systems in third world countries tend to face certain problems.
Firstly, we tend to have a situation where the educational systems in third world countries are based on the wrong philosophies. Many of these systems, for instance, tend to focus more on rote learning, as opposed to promoting creative, critical thinking. And this is not something that occurs coincidentally. It is something that happens deliberately: as the leaders are afraid of having citizens who are capable of critical thinking. And thanks to such systems, you end up with folks who have as many as 12 years of education who can’t do something as simple as signing up for Ymail.com accounts, or even running Ymail accounts that have already been set up! Being products of rote learning, they are unable to apply the knowledge they acquire in one context to another context. They have to be led through everything.
Secondly, we tend to have a situation where the educational systems in the third world countries are underfunded. Sometimes, this is due to poverty. At other times, it is due to corruption.
Thirdly, we tend to have a situation where the educational systems in the third world countries are overburdened. This is typically due to poor planning, which is unable to keep up with the population.
The manner in which third world governments run social welfare programs is very different from the manner in which similar programs are run in the first world. We have a situation where, in the first world, social welfare programs are run in a ‘direct’ manner. For instance, to cater for folks who can’t afford food, the governments provide food stamps directly. To cater for healthcare costs for folks who can’t afford to pay for the same by themselves, the governments run programs like Medicaid, which are essentially government health insurance programs.
In the third world, we tend to have a situation where, the governments, rather than giving the people food stamps, simply give them food aid directly.
We also have a situation where, in the third world, rather than giving people access to government medical insurance programs like the Medicaid program, the governments simply set up their own healthcare facilities, where they provide subsidized healthcare services directly.
There is one key reason as to why third world governments opt to do things in this way. The reason is in the fact that the levels of poverty tend to be very high in these countries, meaning that there are far too many people in need of government help.
Many third world countries tend to experience political instability from time to time. Close examination of the situations in these countries often reveals that there are certain core things that fuel the said political instability.
In some cases, the political instability in third world countries turns out to be a result of poor governance. The poor governance leads to poverty, which in turn leads to political uprisings. At other times, the poor governance leads to breakdown of the state organs that are supposed to intervene in case of political instability.
In some other cases, the political instability in third world countries turns out to be as a result of interference by developed countries. The developed countries interfere (using underhand means, of course) in order to ensure that the third world countries become unstable, so that they can exploit their resources or otherwise use them as platforms to achieve other strategic objectives.
In yet other cases, the political instability in third world countries turns out to be as a result of historical factors. This is where, for instance, you find situations where the colonialists (most third world countries were colonized) set the borders in such a manner that they ended up grouping together communities that simply can’t coexist.